Although soy products are rich in nutrition and good in color and flavor, they are not suitable for everyone. People who suffer from the following diseases should avoid or eat less:
(1) Peptic ulcer: Patients with severe peptic ulcer should not eat soy products such as soybeans, broad beans, shredded tofu, dried tofu, etc., because of their high purine content, they can promote the secretion of gastric juice; the dietary fiber in whole beans will also affect The gastric mucosa causes mechanical damage. Although the oligosaccharides contained in beans such as stachyose and raffinose cannot be digested and absorbed by digestive enzymes, they can be fermented by intestinal bacteria and can be decomposed to produce some small molecules of gas, which can cause hiccups and bowel sounds. , Abdominal distension, abdominal pain and other symptoms.
(2) Gastritis: Patients with acute gastritis and chronic superficial gastritis should also not consume soy products, so as not to stimulate gastric acid secretion and cause flatulence.
(3) Kidney disease: Patients with nephritis, renal failure and kidney dialysis should adopt a low-protein diet. In order to ensure the basic needs of the body, an appropriate amount of foods rich in essential amino acids and low in non-essential amino acids should be selected within the limited range. Compared with animal protein, beans contain higher non-essential amino acids, so they should be fasted.
(4) Diabetic nephropathy: The main complication that causes the death of diabetic patients is diabetic nephropathy. When the patient has urea nitrogen retention, soy products should not be consumed.
(5) Typhoid fever: Although typhoid patients with long-term high fever should take a high-calorie and high-protein diet, in the acute and recovery phases, to prevent abdominal distension, it is not advisable to drink soy milk to avoid gas production.
(6) Acute pancreatitis: When acute pancreatitis occurs, you can drink high-carbohydrate clear liquid, but avoid using soy milk that can stimulate the secretion of gastric juice and pancreatic juice.
(7) Gout: The pathogenesis of gout is the disorder of purine metabolism, with hyperuricemia as an important feature. The disease is more common in wealthy families, and high-protein and high-fat diets can easily cause gout. Food proteins are mostly combined with nucleic acids to form nucleoproteins, where nucleic acids are broken down into purines and then into uric acid. Therefore, in the acute phase, foods containing more purines should be forbidden, including dried beans and soy products, even in the remission phase, they should be restricted to eat.
(8) Galactose and lactose intolerance: Because these patients lack the enzymes related to the decomposition and metabolism of galactose and lactose, they should not eat foods containing lactose in their diet. Stachyose and raffinose in legumes can produce part of galactose after being decomposed in the intestines. Therefore, soy products should be banned for severe patients to avoid aggravating the condition.
(9) Phenylketonuria: This is a common congenital metabolic defect disease in children. The treatment of this disease mainly relies on eating special low-phenylalanine foods to control the concentration of phenylalanine in the blood. At the same time, pay attention to fasting or use less protein-rich soy products and animal foods.