Foreign media August 28 news: Pro Farmer, a consulting service affiliated with the US “Farm Magazine” media, organized its annual Midwest tour this week to conduct field inspections of crops in seven major corn and soybean producing states. Below is a state-by-state summary of the state of corn and soybean crops as reported by professional farmers on Friday.
(1) Estimated corn yield
Yield variation across Illinois is relatively small, but lacks the refreshing factor needed to achieve excellent yields. The expedition did not include southern Illinois, where the crop is not bad, but it also doesn’t pull up the state’s average.
Indiana ears of corn are abundant, but length is an issue. Aborted grains were evident at the top of many ears.
Of the states surveyed, Iowa has the largest crop variability. There is a lot of excellent corn in the state, with some areas set to produce some of their best yields ever. But the state also has a fair amount of average and substandard fields.
Whether this year’s Minnesota corn harvest will depend on the central and southeastern regions. There are some problems with crops in other regions.
Nebraska’s dryland corn was scorched, and even irrigated corn was damaged by heat and dryness. In addition, the state was damaged by hail and high winds. Crops are under too much growth pressure.
Ohio corn is growing very well, but it won’t match the record crop in 2021. This year’s crop in the state is much more varied, especially in grain length, which will hinder crop growth.
The inspectors sample farmland in the southeastern part of South Dakota, which is usually a well-growing area, but that was not the case this year. Crops will be better in areas north of the sampling site, but there are problems across the state.
(2) Estimated soybean yield
The soybean crop in Illinois has a lot of potential and there is enough soil moisture to fill the pods. Another rain will bring most of the state’s soybean crop into harvest time.
It rained before and after the expedition. Adequate soybean moisture in Indiana supports good yields. The inspection found that some soybeans were still in bloom, but there should be enough moisture for podding and grain filling.
The soybean crop in Iowa is free of disease and weeds. The recent rains are timely for most of the western state’s crop, though September rains are still needed to grow. Some areas in the eastern part of the state have enough moisture to complete growth.
Sudden death syndrome (SDS) has been reported in crops in some areas of Minnesota. The next one to two weeks will determine whether disease pressure will hurt yield potential. The water supply is sufficient to support the crop to complete its growth.
Dryland soybeans are holding on, and a late-season rain could allow the plants to keep their pods. Farmers in Nebraska have not given up on soybean irrigation and are actively pumping water.
Ohio’s crop is slightly less mature than Indiana, but there is plenty of moisture to get it to the finish line.
Not much to say except that South Dakota’s crops were badly damaged by heat and dryness. The worst areas have abandoned harvesting and others are not far from this level. At the moment, even a rain at the end of the season will do little good for some crops.