- Applicable people
For the special population in need, in addition to supplementing essential amino acids through food, protein powder can be appropriately selected as a protein supplement, but the amount of protein powder must be paid attention to. After the protein is digested and absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, it needs to be processed by the liver and transformed into the body’s own substances for human use.
At the same time, the products of protein metabolism in the body such as ammonia, urea, creatinine and other nitrogenous substances need to be excreted by the kidneys. If a person eats too much protein, it will increase the burden on the liver and kidneys and adversely affect the human body. Therefore, more protein is by no means the better. The “Chinese Resident Dietary Guidelines” put forward the maximum protein intake of 0.92 grams per kilogram of body weight. If this amount is exceeded, it may harm human health.
- Dosage and precautions
There are certain differences in protein intake due to people’s age, weight and labor intensity. Children and adolescents in the growth and development period, pregnant or breastfeeding women, the protein requirements are generally higher.
(1) Take it according to the recommended intake.
Since the raw materials and processes used by the various production plants are not exactly the same, their label instructions have their own recommended protein powder intake, and users should not increase or decrease the amount at will. Eating too little will not achieve the intended purpose; eating too much will cause waste or side effects.
(2) Do not take it on an empty stomach.
If you eat protein powder on an empty stomach, the protein powder will be consumed as a general “heat-producing food”, wasting a valuable source of high-quality protein. Therefore, before or at the same time eating protein powder, eat some other foods. Patients can only eat liquid, and protein powder can be added to milk, soy milk, oatmeal, malted milk and other foods.
(3) Eat warm or cold, not hot or hot.
Whey protein powder contains many active substances with special physiological functions. They are all afraid of heat. Once heated, they will lose their activity, thereby greatly reducing biological potency. Therefore, whey protein powder must not be boiled or scalded. It can only be dissolved (mixed) in water, porridge, malted milk and other foods below 40°C. It can also be eaten as a cold drink.
(4) Add condiments to be controlled.
Protein powder can be added to a variety of foods. You can add sugar if you like to eat sweet, and you can add salt if you like to eat salty, but you can’t add too much. Because excessive intake of sugar and salt is bad for human health. Also, do not add MSG when eating protein powder, because protein powder itself has a certain umami taste, the amino acid composition ratio in whey protein powder is better, and the component of MSG is sodium glutamate, which is decomposed after being metabolized in the body To produce glutamic acid, adding monosodium glutamate to the protein powder is equal to superfluous.
(5) Do not eat with acidic beverages.
Apple juice and other beverages contain organic acids. When they meet with protein powder, they will form clots, affecting digestion and absorption.