2. Industrial chain analysis: simple raw materials and complex production processes
At present, the industrial chain of artificial meat industry starts from two different product forms. One is plant-based artificial meat, which produces high-quality vegetable protein through the processing of soybeans, peas and other crops, and then synthesizes plant-based artificial meat; the other is plant-based artificial meat. Totipotent stem cells, muscle cells, etc. are extracted from pigs, cattle and other animals for cultivation, and then animal-based artificial meat is synthesized. The downstream of both are restaurants, supermarkets, online shopping platforms, etc.
Since the development of animal-based artificial meat is still in the laboratory research and development stage, the current mainstream artificial meat is mainly plant-based artificial meat.
3. The significance of industrial development
a. Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
According to data from the United Nations, the global greenhouse gas emissions from animal husbandry account for about 18% of the global total, which is a huge carbon emission system, of which the carbon emissions from the breeding process account for more than 80% of the total emissions. The Gates Foundation treats cattle as a separate individual, and can rank them third in the global carbon emissions ranking. The total carbon emissions caused by raising cattle each year reaches 5 billion tons, which is lower than the second-ranked United States. 300 million tons. Animal husbandry has become an important source of global greenhouse gas emissions, which has gradually become the consensus of countries around the world.
Therefore, plant-based and animal-based artificial meat can effectively bypass the feeding process, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and help solve the current world’s climate problems.
b. Artificial meat is of great help in improving environmental protection
Comparing plant meat with traditional animal husbandry, it can be found that in the production process, traditional animal husbandry emits more greenhouse gases, wastes more production water and causes more land damage and waste. Every pound of plant meat produced to replace animal meat products can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 90%, reduce land damage and waste by 93%, and save production water by 99%. From the perspective of protecting the ecological environment, artificial meat has a huge advantage over traditional animal husbandry in this regard.
4. Industry development prospect and trend forecast
With the continuous development of the industry and the continuous development of downstream application fields, the artificial meat industry will see a rapid development trend. Among them, the development of enterprises is mainly based on investment in research and development, cost reduction and efficiency improvement, and large-scale production. The rapid development of the industry will also usher in a number of participants. Among them, there will be leaders in the traditional food industry and cross-border participants in the upstream and downstream of the industry, and the intensity of market competition will increase. In terms of product promotion and product development, with the development of animal-based artificial meat, its taste and taste more similar to real meat will reach more user groups.